[FOM] predicativism and functional analysis
griesmer@math.ohio-state.edu
griesmer at math.ohio-state.edu
Wed Feb 22 16:32:04 EST 2006
Nik Weaver wrote:
> We have a name for the separable sequence space c_0. We
> have a name for its (separable) dual l^1. We have a name for
> l^infinity, the (nonseparable) dual of l^1. We have no name
> for the dual of l^infinity.
The dual of l^infinity is called M(beta(N)), where beta(N) is the
Stone-Cech compactification of N (with the discrete topology). Beta(N) is
an important object in functional analysis, topological dynamics, and
Ramsey theory; its structure has far-reaching combinatorial consequences.
For instance, one may use information about the topological and algebraic
structure of beta(N) to conclude the following: If N is partitioned into
finitely many classes, one cell of the partition will contain each of the
following:
(i) Arithmetic progressions of every finite length.
(ii) Geometric progressions of every finite length.
(iii) An infinite set A and every finite sum with distinct summands from A.
(iv) An infinite set B and every finite product with distinct factors
from B.
(Neil Hindman has shown that we cannot necessarily take A=B above.)
-John Griesmer
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