Introduction

Utopia [ju:'toupj'] n. [C] imaginary perfect social and political system.

Based on the Greek word meaning 'no place' (or 'good place'), Utopia was first used by Sir Thomas More as the title of a tract in 1516. He described a just society, free of internal conflict. Utopianism may be seen as a kind of 'heaven on earth'; it is important in assessing the place of technology in culture because most new technologies are advertised and marketed as leading to Utopia.

Before discoursing on the visions of Utopia, it is essential that we have a clear understanding of the term and also see the various interpretations as perceived by different people.

Our understanding of Utopia tells us that in any Utopian system, there are certain basic elements, namely universal happiness, a perfect balance between individual and society, all good and no evil, infinite provision for all tangible and intangible needs and wants for existence, without any required effort to obtain those provisions and complete knowledge, intensification and refining of consciousness. One must not forget that his utopia could be my dystopia. In other words, Utopia is a very personal concept. Everyone could have a different perception of Utopia, however, what we have laid down here are the common elements that would conform to the majority opinion. In a most general Utopia, everyone would be happy. Again, there seems to be an inherent contradiction with such an argument, since Utopia demands that everyone be satisfied.