Utopia [ju:'toupj'] n. [C] imaginary perfect social and political system.
Based on the Greek word
meaning 'no place' (or 'good place'), Utopia was first used by Sir Thomas More
as the title of a tract in 1516. He described a just society, free of internal
conflict. Utopianism may be seen as a kind of 'heaven on earth'; it is
important in assessing the place of technology in culture because most new
technologies are advertised and marketed as leading to Utopia.
Before discoursing on the
visions of Utopia, it is essential that we have a clear understanding of the
term and also see the various interpretations as perceived by different people.
Our understanding of
Utopia tells us that in any Utopian system, there are certain basic elements,
namely universal happiness, a perfect balance between individual and society,
all good and no evil, infinite provision for all tangible and intangible needs
and wants for existence, without any required effort to obtain those provisions
and complete knowledge, intensification and refining of consciousness. One must
not forget that his utopia could be my dystopia. In other words, Utopia is a
very personal concept. Everyone could have a different perception of Utopia,
however, what we have laid down here are the common elements that would conform
to the majority opinion. In a most general Utopia, everyone would be happy.
Again, there seems to be an inherent contradiction with such an argument, since
Utopia demands that everyone be satisfied.