# [FOM] 320: Pi01 Incompleteness/#4

Harvey Friedman friedman at math.ohio-state.edu
Wed Feb 13 04:55:27 EST 2008

```We make an improvement on #319. We have been shifting back and forth
between graph theoretic notation and relation theoretic notation. In

***********************************

1. INFINITE FORM.

Let R containedin [1,inf)^k x [1,inf)^k = [1,inf)^2k.

We say that R is strictly dominating if and only if for all x,y, if
R(x,y) then max(x) < max(y).

Let A containedin [1,inf)^k. We write RA = {y: (therexists x in A)
(R(x,y))}. We write A' = [1,inf)^k\A.

We say that A is an R antichain if and only if for all x,y in A, not
R(x,y).

THEOREM 1.1. Every strictly dominating R containedin [1,inf)^2k has an
antichain A, where RA = A'. Furthermore, A is unique.

Let x,y in [1,inf)^k. We say that x,y are order equivalent if and only
if for all 1 <= i,j <= k, x_i < x_j iff y_i < y_j.

Let V,W containedin [1,inf)^k. We write fld(V) for the set of all
coordinates of elements of V.

We say that V,W are order equivalent if and only if (fld(V),<,V) and
(fld(W),<,W) are isomorphic.

Note that x,y are order equivalent if and only if {x},{y} are order
equivalent.

For n >= 1, the powers of n are the vectors whose coordinates lie in
{1,n,n^2,...}.

We write [X]^k for the set of all subsets of X of cardinality k.

PROPOSITION 1.2. Every strictly dominating order invariant R
containedin [1,inf)^2k has an antichain A such that the following
holds. Every V in [A]'^k is order equivalent to some W in [RA]^k with
the same powers of (8k)! as V\(W+1).

MAH = ZFC + {there exists a strongly n-Mahlo cardinal}_n. MAH+ = ZFC +
"for all n there exists a strongly n-Mahlo cardinal".

THEOREM 1.3. Theorem 1.1 is provable in RCA_0. Proposition 1.2 is
provable in MAH+ but not in MAH, assuming that MAH is consistent.
Proposition 1 is provably equivalent, over ACA, to CON(MAH).
Proposition 1 is not provable in any consistent subsystem of MAH. In
particular, Proposition 1 is not provable in ZFC, assuming ZFC is
consistent. If we delete "as V\(W+1)" then Proposition 1.2 is an
immediate consequence of Theorem 1.1.

Here (8k)! is just a convenient expression.

2. FINITE FORM.

The finite forms are obtained trivially by replacing [1,inf) with
[1,n]. All of the definitions are restated in the obvious way with
[1,inf) replaced throughout by [1,n]. Specifically,

PROPOSTION 2.2. Every strictly dominating order invariant R
containedin [1,n]^2k has an antichain A such that the following holds.
Every V in [A]'^k is order equivalent to some W in [RA]^k with the
same powers of (8k)! as V\(W+1).

Proposition 2.2 is explicitly Pi01.

All of the results read the same.

**********************************
manuscripts. This is the 319th in a series of self contained numbered
postings to FOM covering a wide range of topics in f.o.m. The list of
previous numbered postings #1-249 can be found at
http://www.cs.nyu.edu/pipermail/fom/2005-June/008999.html in the FOM
archives, 6/15/05, 9:18PM. NOTE: The title of #269 has been corrected
from
the original.

250. Extreme Cardinals/Pi01  7/31/05  8:34PM
251. Embedding Axioms  8/1/05  10:40AM
252. Pi01 Revisited  10/25/05  10:35PM
253. Pi01 Progress  10/26/05  6:32AM
254. Pi01 Progress/more  11/10/05  4:37AM
255. Controlling Pi01  11/12  5:10PM
256. NAME:finite inclusion theory  11/21/05  2:34AM
257. FIT/more  11/22/05  5:34AM
258. Pi01/Simplification/Restatement  11/27/05  2:12AM
259. Pi01 pointer  11/30/05  10:36AM
260. Pi01/simplification  12/3/05  3:11PM
261. Pi01/nicer  12/5/05  2:26AM
262. Correction/Restatement  12/9/05  10:13AM
263. Pi01/digraphs 1  1/13/06  1:11AM
264. Pi01/digraphs 2  1/27/06  11:34AM
265. Pi01/digraphs 2/more  1/28/06  2:46PM
266. Pi01/digraphs/unifying 2/4/06  5:27AM
267. Pi01/digraphs/progress  2/8/06  2:44AM
268. Finite to Infinite 1  2/22/06  9:01AM
269. Pi01,Pi00/digraphs  2/25/06  3:09AM
270. Finite to Infinite/Restatement  2/25/06  8:25PM
271. Clarification of Smith Article  3/22/06  5:58PM
272. Sigma01/optimal  3/24/06  1:45PM
273: Sigma01/optimal/size  3/28/06  12:57PM
274: Subcubic Graph Numbers  4/1/06  11:23AM
275: Kruskal Theorem/Impredicativity  4/2/06  12:16PM
276: Higman/Kruskal/impredicativity  4/4/06  6:31AM
277: Strict Predicativity  4/5/06  1:58PM
278: Ultra/Strict/Predicativity/Higman  4/8/06  1:33AM
279: Subcubic graph numbers/restated  4/8/06  3:14AN
280: Generating large caridnals/self embedding axioms  5/2/06  4:55AM
281: Linear Self Embedding Axioms  5/5/06  2:32AM
282: Adventures in Pi01 Independence  5/7/06
283: A theory of indiscernibles  5/7/06  6:42PM
284: Godel's Second  5/9/06  10:02AM
285: Godel's Second/more  5/10/06  5:55PM
286: Godel's Second/still more  5/11/06  2:05PM
287: More Pi01 adventures  5/18/06  9:19AM
288: Discrete ordered rings and large cardinals  6/1/06  11:28AM
289: Integer Thresholds in FFF  6/6/06  10:23PM
290: Independently Free Minds/Collectively Random Agents  6/12/06
11:01AM
291: Independently Free Minds/Collectively Random Agents (more)  6/13/06
5:01PM
292: Concept Calculus 1  6/17/06  5:26PM
293: Concept Calculus 2  6/20/06  6:27PM
294: Concept Calculus 3  6/25/06  5:15PM
295: Concept Calculus 4  7/3/06  2:34AM
296: Order Calculus  7/7/06  12:13PM
297: Order Calculus/restatement  7/11/06  12:16PM
298: Concept Calculus 5  7/14/06  5:40AM
299: Order Calculus/simplification  7/23/06  7:38PM
300: Exotic Prefix Theory   9/14/06   7:11AM
301: Exotic Prefix Theory (correction)  9/14/06  6:09PM
302: PA Completeness  10/29/06  2:38AM
303: PA Completeness (restatement)  10/30/06  11:53AM
304: PA Completeness/strategy 11/4/06  10:57AM
305: Proofs of Godel's Second  12/21/06  11:31AM
306: Godel's Second/more  12/23/06  7:39PM
307: Formalized Consistency Problem Solved  1/14/07  6:24PM
308: Large Large Cardinals  7/05/07  5:01AM
309: Thematic PA Incompleteness  10/22/07  10:56AM
310: Thematic PA Incompleteness 2  11/6/07  5:31AM
311: Thematic PA Incompleteness 3  11/8/07  8:35AM
312: Pi01 Incompleteness  11/13/07  3:11PM
313: Pi01 Incompleteness  12/19/07  8:00AM
314: Pi01 Incompleteness/Digraphs  12/22/07  4:12AM
315: Pi01 Incompleteness/Digraphs/#2  1/16/08  7:32AM
316: Shift Theorems  1/24/08  12:36PM
317: Polynomials and PA  1/29/08  10:29PM
318: Polynomials and PA #2  2/4/08  12:07AM
319: Pi01 Incompleteness/Digraphs/#3  2/12/08  9:21PM

Harvey Friedman
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