[FOM] Size theory.
Zuhair Abdul Ghafoor Al-Johar
zaljohar at yahoo.com
Wed Apr 16 22:05:04 EDT 2008
Hi all,
Anybody can point an inconsistency with this theory.
Size Theory: is set of all sentences entailed ( from
first order logic with identity '=' and epsilon
membership 'e' and the primitive constant Z , and the
primitve two place relation symbole '< ' to
denote 'smaller than' ,and the primitive one place
function symbole 'S' to denote 'size') by the non
logical axioms of ZF and the following non logical
axioms:
Define: Sa>Sb <->Sb<Sa
Define: x is standard finite <-> ER (R is a well
ordering on x and converse(R) is a well ordering on x)
Define: x is standard infinite <-> ~ x is finite
Axiom1: Z is standard infinite & Z is Dedekindian
finite
Axiom2: Sa=Sb <-> Ef(f:a->b, f is bijective)
Axiom3: Sa<Sb -> ~Sb<Sa
Axiom4: Sa<Sb<Sc -> Sa<Sc
Define: a comparable_to b <->
(Ef(f:a->b,f is injective) or Eg(g:b->a,g is
injective))
Axiom5: a comparable_to b ->
[Sa<Sb <->(Ef(f:a->b,f is injective) & Af((f:a->b,f
is injective) ->
~ f is surjective))]
Define: x is nested <->
Ayz ((yex&zex) -> (y subset_of z or z subset_of y))
Axiom6: SZ=Z
Axiom7: [x is ordinal &
Ay ((y is ordinal & Sy=Sx & ~x=y)->x in y)]->Sx=x
Axiom8: ~ c comparable_to Ux ->
[(Ay(yex-> Sy<Sc) & x is nested & c is infinite
dedekindian finite &
Ux is dedekindian infinite) -> SUx <= Sc]
were '<= ' denote 'smaller than or equal'.
/ Theory definition finished.
There is another version of axiom 8 but perhaps its
weaker.
Axiom8:
(c is infinite dedekindian finite & x is dedekindian
infinite & ~ c
comparable to x) ->
[Ay((y subset_of x & y is infinite dedekindian
finite)->Sy<Sc)
->Sx<Sc]
I was contemplating adding another two axioms to this
theory:
Axiom of Para-continuity:
Ax (x is dedekindian infinite -> ~Ey (Sx<Sy<SPx))
Define: Sy>>Sx <-> ~Em (Sx<Sm<Sy)
Axiom para-comparability:
Axyzu ((Sy>>Sx & Sz>>Sx & Su>Sz) -> Su>Sy)
Axiom of non comparability:
Ax (Sx=x -> SPx=Px)
were 'Px' refers to 'power of x'.
***************
Now according to this theory we can have a Dedekindian
finite set Z that has bigger size than any aleph_x.
And the addition, multiplication and exponentiation
rules of algebra of finites will be applicable on Z.
More over we have 2Z > Z+w
were w refers to w
While on the other hand we don't have Z-w.
This theory manage to compare between sizes of
dedekindian finite infinites on one hand and
dedekindian infinites on the other hand, something
that traditional set theory cannot manage to do.
*************
Closary:
A : universal quantifier
E : existential quantifier
~ : Negation
& : conjunction
or : disjunction
-> : implication (uniconditional)
<-> : biconditional
Zuhair
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