# [FOM] 308:Large large cardinals

joeshipman@aol.com joeshipman at aol.com
Thu Jul 5 16:42:16 EDT 2007

```How do you express

"the existence of a nontrivial elementary embedding j:V into M, where
V(lambda)
containedin M."

as a statement or scheme in ZFC, that refers only to sets and not
classes?

-- JS

-----Original Message-----
From: Harvey Friedman <friedman at math.ohio-state.edu>
To: Foundations of Mathematics <fom at cs.nyu.edu>
Sent: Thu, 5 Jul 2007 5:01 am
Subject: [FOM] 308:Large large cardinals

We present a new statement whose strength is between the existence of a
nontrivial elementary embedding of some V(lambda) into V(lambda), and
the
existence of a nontrivial elementary embedding j:V into M, where
V(lambda)
containedin M.

A partial linearly ordered product is a triple (A,<,dot), where (A,<)
is a
linear ordering and dot is a partial function from A^2 into A.

A subset of A is bounded if and only if there exists x in A which is >=
all
elements of A. A subset of A is unbounded if and only if it is not
bounded.

Let B be a set of tuples from A. We write fld(B) for the set of all
coordinates of elements of B. We say that B is bounded (unbounded) if
and
only if fld(B) is bounded (unbounded).

Let f:A^2 into A be partial. We treat f as a subset of A^3.

An initial self embedding of f is a partial function g:A into A such
that

i. dom(g) is a bounded subset of fld(f) which is downward closed.
ii. rng(g) containedin dom(g).
iii. g is strictly increasing.
iv. For all x,y,z in A, f(x,y) = z iff f(gx,gy) = gz.

We say that partial h:A into A is cross sectional if and only if there
exists x in A such that for all y,z in A,

h(y) = z iff f(x,y) = z.

PROPOSITION A. There exists a partial linearly ordered product in which
every unbounded definable partial binary function has a cross sectional
initial self embedding with a least fixed point and a least non fixed
point.

It is obvious by the completeness theorem for first order predicate
calculus
with equality that Proposition A is provably equivalent to a Pi01
sentence,
over WKL_0.

**********************************

manuscripts. This is the 308th in a series of self contained numbered
postings to FOM covering a wide range of topics in f.o.m. The list of
previous numbered postings #1-249 can be found at
http://www.cs.nyu.edu/pipermail/fom/2005-June/008999.html in the FOM
archives, 6/15/05, 9:18PM. NOTE: The title of #269 has been corrected
from
the original.

250. Extreme Cardinals/Pi01  7/31/05  8:34PM
251. Embedding Axioms  8/1/05  10:40AM
252. Pi01 Revisited  10/25/05  10:35PM
253. Pi01 Progress  10/26/05  6:32AM
254. Pi01 Progress/more  11/10/05  4:37AM
255. Controlling Pi01  11/12  5:10PM
256. NAME:finite inclusion theory  11/21/05  2:34AM
257. FIT/more  11/22/05  5:34AM
258. Pi01/Simplification/Restatement  11/27/05  2:12AM
259. Pi01 pointer  11/30/05  10:36AM
260. Pi01/simplification  12/3/05  3:11PM
261. Pi01/nicer  12/5/05  2:26AM
262. Correction/Restatement  12/9/05  10:13AM
263. Pi01/digraphs 1  1/13/06  1:11AM
264. Pi01/digraphs 2  1/27/06  11:34AM
265. Pi01/digraphs 2/more  1/28/06  2:46PM
266. Pi01/digraphs/unifying 2/4/06  5:27AM
267. Pi01/digraphs/progress  2/8/06  2:44AM
268. Finite to Infinite 1  2/22/06  9:01AM
269. Pi01,Pi00/digraphs  2/25/06  3:09AM
270. Finite to Infinite/Restatement  2/25/06  8:25PM
271. Clarification of Smith Article  3/22/06  5:58PM
272. Sigma01/optimal  3/24/06  1:45PM
273: Sigma01/optimal/size  3/28/06  12:57PM
274: Subcubic Graph Numbers  4/1/06  11:23AM
275: Kruskal Theorem/Impredicativity  4/2/06  12:16PM
276: Higman/Kruskal/impredicativity  4/4/06  6:31AM
277: Strict Predicativity  4/5/06  1:58PM
278: Ultra/Strict/Predicativity/Higman  4/8/06  1:33AM
279: Subcubic graph numbers/restated  4/8/06  3:14AN
280: Generating large caridnals/self embedding axioms  5/2/06  4:55AM
281: Linear Self Embedding Axioms  5/5/06  2:32AM
282: Adventures in Pi01 Independence  5/7/06
283: A theory of indiscernibles  5/7/06  6:42PM
284: Godel's Second  5/9/06  10:02AM
285: Godel's Second/more  5/10/06  5:55PM
286: Godel's Second/still more  5/11/06  2:05PM
287: More Pi01 adventures  5/18/06  9:19AM
288: Discrete ordered rings and large cardinals  6/1/06  11:28AM
289: Integer Thresholds in FFF  6/6/06  10:23PM
290: Independently Free Minds/Collectively Random Agents  6/12/06
11:01AM
291: Independently Free Minds/Collectively Random Agents (more)  6/13/06
5:01PM
292: Concept Calculus 1  6/17/06  5:26PM
293: Concept Calculus 2  6/20/06  6:27PM
294: Concept Calculus 3  6/25/06  5:15PM
295: Concept Calculus 4  7/3/06  2:34AM
296: Order Calculus  7/7/06  12:13PM
297: Order Calculus/restatement  7/11/06  12:16PM
298: Concept Calculus 5  7/14/06  5:40AM
299: Order Calculus/simplification  7/23/06  7:38PM
300: Exotic Prefix Theory   9/14/06   7:11AM
301: Exotic Prefix Theory (correction)  9/14/06  6:09PM
302: PA Completeness  10/29/06  2:38AM
303: PA Completeness (restatement)  10/30/06  11:53AM
304: PA Completeness/strategy 11/4/06  10:57AM
305: Proofs of Godel's Second  12/21/06  11:31AM
306: Godel's Second/more  12/23/06  7:39PM
307: Formalized Consistency Problem Solved  1/14/07  6:24PM

Harvey Friedman

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