[FOM] Primitive and defined symbols for mereology

Marcus Rossberg mr30 at st-andrews.ac.uk
Mon Jan 15 12:18:25 EST 2007


Le\'sniewski's mereology is formulated in his term logic. The locus  
classicus for a mereology formulated in FOL is:

Henry S. Leonard and Nelson Goodman: "The calculus of individuals and  
its uses", Journal of Symbolic Logic 5 (1940), pp. 45--55

and later with slight changes in the formulation in:

Nelson Goodman: The Structure of Appearance. 3rd ed. Dordrecht:  
Riedel, 1977

For German readers an excellent survey covering a plethora of  
different systems since (and including) Le\'sniewski (including a ton  
of theorems and equivalence proofs for e.g. the systems of Le 
\'snieski and Leonard/Goodman) is:

Lothar Ridder: Mereologie. Frankfurt/Main: Kosterman, 2002

Peter Simon's superb book investigates weaker mereological systems:

Peter Simons: Parts: A study in ontology, (Oxford: Oxford University  
Press: 1987)

Much awaited and long overdue:

Hans Burkhardt et al. (eds.): Handbook of Mereology.

Hope all is well!

Best wishes,

On 13 Jan 2007, at 15:00, Andrew Bacon wrote:

>> I am especially concerned to know how the operation of fusion is  
>> formally
>> represented. With two individuals x and y, the fusion of x and y  
>> would
>> seem to be representable by a two-place function-term such as f(x,y).
>> But what is the convention when the fusion is taken of all the  
>> individuals
>> in some infinite set? Does mereology have a way of representing this
>> operation without recourse to set-theoretic notions? Or does it  
>> resort to
>> the hybrid notion of the fusion of all the individuals in such-and- 
>> such a
>> set or family?
> I believe that fusion principles are often expressed in FOL with a
> schema, for example
> Unrestricted Fusion:
> [ExF(x) -> EyAz[z o y <-> Ex[F(x) ^ z o x]]]
> For any formula F with no free occurrences of y or z.
> (I'm using E and A as existential and universal quantifiers, and o  
> as overlap)
> I've also seen them expressed using second order logic, or using
> plural quantification instead of a schema (e.g. in Lewis's 'Parts of
> Classes'). This way is probably better because models of mereology
> with unrestricted fusions shouldn't have any countably infinite
> models.
> Andrew Bacon
> _______________________________________________
> FOM mailing list
> FOM at cs.nyu.edu
> http://www.cs.nyu.edu/mailman/listinfo/fom

More information about the FOM mailing list