[FOM] 231:More Piecewise Linear Pi01 Independence
Harvey Friedman
friedman at math.ohio-state.edu
Mon Nov 15 23:18:00 EST 2004
This version is substantially better than #230.
It appears that this round is at least very close to stabilizing, at which
time I will roll up my sleeves and check everything in detail, and provide a
rough sketch.
These developments in no way, shape, or form obsolete BRT.
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Let N be the set of all nonnegative integers. For A containedin N and k >=
1, let A^k be the set of all k-tuples from A.
For r >= 1, let [r] = {0,...,r}. Let T:[r]^k into N, and E containedin N^k.
We define the upper image of T on E by
T<[E] = {T(x): x in E and T(x) > max(x)}.
We use U. for disjoint union.
THEOREM 1. For all T:[r]^k into N, some finite A U. T<[A^k] is [rng(T)].
Furthermore, A is unique.
Let k,r >= 1 and E containedin [r]. We write PL([r]^k,E) for the set of all
piecewise linear functions T:[r]^k into N over E. These are the functions
T:[r]^k into N presented by an affine function on each of finitely many
pieces, where each piece is presented by a finite set of linear
inequalities, and where all coefficients used throughout the presentation
are elements of E.
For E containedin N, let E! = {x!: x in E}. For x in N^s, we define x! =
(x_1!,...,x_s!). We use cross section notation T_x, where x is a vector of
suitable length.
PROPOSITION 2. For all T in PL([p!]^2k,[k]), some A U. T<[A^2k] meets every
nonempty T_x![A^k], and omits (8k)!!-1.
Proposition 2 is clearly Pi01. Here is an explicitly Pi01 form.
PROPOSITION 3. For all T in PL([p!]^2k,[k]), some A U. T<[A^2k] containedin
[kp!] meets every nonempty T_x![A^k], x in [p]^k, and omits (8k)!!-1.
Compare Proposition 2 with Theorem 1. It is obvious that we may take A
containedin [p!], so that Proposition 2 is explicitly Pi01.
We can use any double factorial sufficiently large relative to k instead of
(8k)!!. Other quantities can also be used.
As things stabilize, we will sharpen the (8k)!!-1.
THEOREM 4. Theorem 1 is provable in EFA (exponential function arithmetic).
Propositions 2,3 is provably equivalent, over ACA, to the consistency of MAH
= ZFC + {there exists an n-Mahlo cardinal}_n. If we remove "and omits
(8k)!!-1", then Proposition 2 becomes provable in RCA0, as it becomes a
trivial consequence of Theorem 1.
If we set p to be certain simple functions of k, rather than arbitrary, then
we can control the strength of the statement somewhat. We should be able to
get PA and n-th order arithmetic, for various n, as well as significant
fragments of ZFC, ZFC itself, and levels of the Mahlo hierarchy.
*************************************
I use www.math.ohio-state.edu/~friedman/ for downloadable manuscripts.
This is the 231st in a series of self contained numbered postings to
FOM covering a wide range of topics in f.o.m. The list of previous
numbered postings #1-149 can be found at
http://www.cs.nyu.edu/pipermail/fom/2003-May/006563.html in the FOM
archives, 5/8/03 8:46AM. Previous ones counting from #150 are:
150:Finite obstruction/statistics 8:55AM 6/1/02
151:Finite forms by bounding 4:35AM 6/5/02
152:sin 10:35PM 6/8/02
153:Large cardinals as general algebra 1:21PM 6/17/02
154:Orderings on theories 5:28AM 6/25/02
155:A way out 8/13/02 6:56PM
156:Societies 8/13/02 6:56PM
157:Finite Societies 8/13/02 6:56PM
158:Sentential Reflection 3/31/03 12:17AM
159.Elemental Sentential Reflection 3/31/03 12:17AM
160.Similar Subclasses 3/31/03 12:17AM
161:Restrictions and Extensions 3/31/03 12:18AM
162:Two Quantifier Blocks 3/31/03 12:28PM
163:Ouch! 4/20/03 3:08AM
164:Foundations with (almost) no axioms 4/22/03 5:31PM
165:Incompleteness Reformulated 4/29/03 1:42PM
166:Clean Godel Incompleteness 5/6/03 11:06AM
167:Incompleteness Reformulated/More 5/6/03 11:57AM
168:Incompleteness Reformulated/Again 5/8/03 12:30PM
169:New PA Independence 5:11PM 8:35PM
170:New Borel Independence 5/18/03 11:53PM
171:Coordinate Free Borel Statements 5/22/03 2:27PM
172:Ordered Fields/Countable DST/PD/Large Cardinals 5/34/03 1:55AM
173:Borel/DST/PD 5/25/03 2:11AM
174:Directly Honest Second Incompleteness 6/3/03 1:39PM
175:Maximal Principle/Hilbert's Program 6/8/03 11:59PM
176:Count Arithmetic 6/10/03 8:54AM
177:Strict Reverse Mathematics 1 6/10/03 8:27PM
178:Diophantine Shift Sequences 6/14/03 6:34PM
179:Polynomial Shift Sequences/Correction 6/15/03 2:24PM
180:Provable Functions of PA 6/16/03 12:42AM
181:Strict Reverse Mathematics 2:06/19/03 2:06AM
182:Ideas in Proof Checking 1 6/21/03 10:50PM
183:Ideas in Proof Checking 2 6/22/03 5:48PM
184:Ideas in Proof Checking 3 6/23/03 5:58PM
185:Ideas in Proof Checking 4 6/25/03 3:25AM
186:Grand Unification 1 7/2/03 10:39AM
187:Grand Unification 2 - saving human lives 7/2/03 10:39AM
188:Applications of Hilbert's 10-th 7/6/03 4:43AM
189:Some Model theoretic Pi-0-1 statements 9/25/03 11:04AM
190:Diagrammatic BRT 10/6/03 8:36PM
191:Boolean Roots 10/7/03 11:03 AM
192:Order Invariant Statement 10/27/03 10:05AM
193:Piecewise Linear Statement 11/2/03 4:42PM
194:PL Statement/clarification 11/2/03 8:10PM
195:The axiom of choice 11/3/03 1:11PM
196:Quantifier complexity in set theory 11/6/03 3:18AM
197:PL and primes 11/12/03 7:46AM
198:Strong Thematic Propositions 12/18/03 10:54AM
199:Radical Polynomial Behavior Theorems
200:Advances in Sentential Reflection 12/22/03 11:17PM
201:Algebraic Treatment of First Order Notions 1/11/04 11:26PM
202:Proof(?) of Church's Thesis 1/12/04 2:41PM
203:Proof(?) of Church's Thesis - Restatement 1/13/04 12:23AM
204:Finite Extrapolation 1/18/04 8:18AM
205:First Order Extremal Clauses 1/18/04 2:25PM
206:On foundations of special relativistic kinematics 1 1/21/04 5:50PM
207:On foundations of special relativistic kinematics 2 1/26/04 12:18AM
208:On foundations of special relativistic kinematics 3 1/26/04 12:19AAM
209:Faithful Representation in Set Theory with Atoms 1/31/04 7:18AM
210:Coding in Reverse Mathematics 1 2/2/04 12:47AM
211:Coding in Reverse Mathematics 2 2/4/04 10:52AM
212:On foundations of special relativistic kinematics 4 2/7/04 6:28PM
213:On foundations of special relativistic kinematics 5 2/8/04 9:33PM
214:On foundations of special relativistic kinematics 6 2/14/04 9:43AM
215:Special Relativity Corrections 2/24/04 8:13PM
216:New Pi01 statements 6/6/04 6:33PM
217:New new Pi01 statements 6/13/04 9:59PM
218:Unexpected Pi01 statements 6/13/04 9:40PM
219:Typos in Unexpected Pi01 statements 6/15/04 1:38AM
220:Brand New Corrected Pi01 Statements 9/18/04 4:32AM
221:Pi01 Statements/getting it right 10/7/04 5:56PM
222:Statements/getting it right again 10/9/04 1:32AM
223:Better Pi01 Independence 11/2/04 11:15AM
224:Prettier Pi01 Independence 11/7/04 8:11PM
225:Better Pi01 Independence 11/9/04 10:47AM
226:Nicer Pi01 Independence 11/10/04 10:43AM
227:Progress in Pi01 Independence 11/11/04 11:22PM
228:Further Progress in Pi01 Independence 11/12/04 2:49AM
229:More Progress in Pi01 Independence 11/13/04 10:41PM
230:Piecewise Linear Pi01 Independence 11/14/04 9:38PM
Harvey Friedman
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