FOM: Correction - flatus vocis

Jeffrey Ketland ketland at
Tue Sep 12 18:38:43 EDT 2000

Amending my previous message ("Re: the logical, the set-theoretical and the

Whoops - it was *Roscellin* (an 11th century mediaeval philosopher), not
Ockham (a 14th century mediaeval logician), who is reported to have said
that universals are "flatus vocis".

Just checking W. Kneale & M. Kneale 1962 "The Development of Logic"
(Oxford), Ockham actually wrote "numquam ponenda est pluralitas sine
necessitate" (a plurality is never to be assumed without necessity) and is
reported to have said "entia non sunt multiplicanda sine necessitate"
(entities shouldn't be multiplied without necessity).


~~~~~~~~~~~ Jeffrey Ketland ~~~~~~~~~
Dept of Philosophy, University of Nottingham
Nottingham NG7 2RD United Kingdom
Tel: 0115 951 5843
Home: 0115 922 3978
E-mail: jeffrey.ketland at
Home: ketland at

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