FOM: first order and second order logic: once more
H. Enderton
hbe at math.ucla.edu
Thu Aug 31 11:58:28 EDT 2000
Martin Davis writes:
>3. In this last connection, it may be worth observing that the set of
>second-order valid sentences does not merely fail to be r.e.: it has a very
>high degree of unsolvability, that of true arithmetic. Or stated in terms
>of the halting problem, to get its degree you must iterate omega times the
>operation ("jump") of forming the halting set for a Turing machine
>provided with a given set as "oracle".
Much worse than that. The set of second-order validities is a *very*
complex set. Not Sigma^m_n for any m or n. And that's just for
starters. It's way beyond true arithmetic.
--Herb Enderton
hbe at math.ucla.edu
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